Trauma is often associated with military personnel and survivors of extreme abuse. However, anyone can experience trauma. Trauma can stem from a car crash, death of a loved one, an injury, being mugged, or a spouse’s infidelity, just to name a few. Even witnessing some of these events can create trauma.
Some symptoms of trauma are unwanted continuous memories of the event, nightmares, hypervigilance (easily startled), aggression, flashbacks, forgetting details of the event, avoiding places, people, or objects that are similar to the event, persistent anxiety or fear, and self-blame. Not everyone experiences trauma the same way, but it is common to either display anxiety and fear symptoms or aggression symptoms. A person may also switch between the two in their process of coping with trauma. Domestic violence or abusive relationship survivors, for example, often show fear and anxiety in earlier stages and aggression and anger in later stages of trauma (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
Trauma disorders require many of the above symptoms. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder requires symptoms that persist for more than one month following the traumatic experience. Acute Distress Disorder requires symptoms that persist for three days to one month following the traumatic experience (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). However, trauma can be distressing even if it does not meet the qualifications of a diagnosis, so always consider therapy after experiencing trauma.
Research has shown that trauma-focused psychotherapy treatment (including EMDR) is effective for treating trauma (Bisson et. al., 2007). Li Ping is our trauma expert and specializes in EMDR therapy. She is currently accepting clients.
Here at Whole Person Counseling, we believe in your ability to overcome trauma. Begin your journey to become complete today. We are conveniently located in Utah County.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Bisson, Ehlers, Matthews, Pilling, Richards, & Turner. (2007). Psychological treatments for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry,190(02), 97-104. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.021402